Lego Posts

What’s Your Damage? A Guide To Common Less-Than-Mint Conditions

Ron Ruelle hobbyDB

Anytime you’re looking at buying a collectible online, you’re probably hoping to find mint condition, still in the package, never been looked at for more than 30 seconds perfection. Alas, such conditions don’t usually exist in the real world. So if something is “Near Mint” or below, that means something has to be not perfect, right? Of course, if your plan is to take the item out of the package, knowing these terms might help you find a bargain that others would pass on. 

Grading items from “Mint” to “Fair” to “Poor” and everything in between is subjective, so we’re not even going to get into those distinctions here. There are professional grading services that can handle that for a fee. But let’s look at some common terms that show up in collectible listings. Of course, there are certain collectibles like stamps, coins, and comic books that have their own unique forms of imperfection, which we’ll look at sometime in the future.

For now, let’s look at issues with boxes and blister cards, (especially diecast models) and see if we can define exactly what they mean. Here are some ” Less-Than-Mint Conditions .”

package shelf wearShelf Wear – This is some light scuffing, scratching, or rubbing on packaging that comes naturally with a collectible being handled and moved around in the store. Unless employees and customers are using padded gloves and extreme caution at all times, most store-bought items will have at least a few minor imperfections like this.

rubbingRubbing – A common phenomenon in older models that were not secured within the package. Over the years, a Hot Wheels car may have rolled back and forth inside the blister enough for the paint on the center of the hubs to rub off. It’s a shame when the package is perfect but the item inside isn’t. This also can show up on the roof of cars.

yellowed packagingYellowed – Usually this refers to clear plastic bits again. Over time, some plastic just turns yellow, and there’s not much you can do about it. Can also apply to other plastic bits, like hanger reinforcements.

Smoke Damaged – In addition to yellowing of plastic, or discoloration of other elements, the item also comes with the added fragrance of nicotine.

soft cornerSoft Corners – This happens when the corners of the card get a little bit mooshed but not necessarily creased. Layers of the cardboard are often separated. From the right angle, this might not even be visible when the item is on display. Sometimes this can be restored with a bit of glue to stiffen it up.

dented blisterDented Blister – Seems self explanatory, right? Usually the corners of the blister, closest to the edge of the packaging are susceptible. It may be possible to massage the dent out, but that might cause cracks or stress marks, which may look even worse.

stress marksStress Marks – Speaking of which… stress marks occur when a plastic piece bends enough to become discolored (usually white or a lighter shade of the original plastic.)

cracked blisterCracked Blister – Cracked, but nothing is missing. In this case, the entire blister should still be present and connected in some way.

detached blisterDetached Blister – The glue has let go, so even though the card, blister, and contents are in good shape, this is problematic. Even if it came off perfectly clean, it’s hard to prove there were no shenanigans when the collectible isn’t completely sealed in place. If it’s partially attached, but there’s still room for the item to be removed, it can affect value.

creaseLight Creasing – This is a fold that in the card that is light enough to easily return to its original shape, but may have left a scar where the fold occurred. Usually there is no discoloration or missing material.

crunched cornerCrunched Corner – It’s pretty common for at least one corner of a box to be a little bit crunched in. How much that matters to a collector depends on whether anything is torn or discolored, if the seal is broken at all, or if the damage is on the back or bottom where it won’t be seen while on display.

broken sealBroken Seal – Some boxed items have a tape seal of some sort to indicate it’s never been opened. You can have a perfect bobblehead in a perfect box, but to many folks that piece of tape makes a huge difference in value.

price stickerPrice Sticker/Sticker Residue – Price stickers added by the store are fairly rare today, but were very common years ago. To some, such stickers are a blight, but the alternative can be just as bad… sticky goop, discolored patches, or small tears in the surface.

factory sealed hologramMissing Hologram (or other identifying stickers) – Some newer models are supposed to come with a hologram sticker to indicate authenticity or some other status, such as an extremely limited run. If it’s missing or damaged, the value of the item can be lower. Also, if the sticker is placed on crooked at the factory, that can unfortunately make it less desirable.

cut blister card

Cut Card – Why do people do this? Occasionally you’ll see an older diecast car still in the blister, attached to the card…. or what’s left of the card. Was it for storage space? To send in an offer or proof of purchase seals? It’s still a mint car, but dang!

What other common imperfections do you run into either as a buyer or seller? Let us know in the comments and we might add it to our list.

The 5 Largest Lego Structures in the World are HUGE

lego milan towerOver 400 billion Lego bricks have been produced to this day, yet the Lego franchise is far greater than the sum of its parts. The toys’ simple construction elements are immediately easy to grasp, and the potential scope of Lego creations is as boundless as the builder’s imagination. While some may scoff at these massive toy sculptures, the creators of these pieces aren’t making mere novelties. Rather, they’re showing everyone how far our creativity can go when building brick by brick. The world’s largest Lego structures are far from child’s play.

Milan Lego Tower

Every year, Lego builders around the world rally their respective communities in attempts to create the world’s largest Lego tower. The record has been broken 12 times between 2010 and 2015, with communities from South Korea to Brazil uniting to make their multicolored skyscrapers. On June 21st, 2015, the title for the world’s largest Lego tower was awarded to the citizens of Milan, Italy.

Standing at 115 feet tall, this 580,000 brick giant was made over the course of five days as part of the Milan Expo 2015 event. Kids and adults banded together to build the tower one brick at a time, with Italian TV personality Alessandro Cattelan riding a crane to add the final brick to the top of the tower. 18,000 builders and 50,000 spectators united for the event, definitively proving that everything is in fact cool when you’re part of a team.


lego x wingX-Wing Fighter

As some of you may have heard, there’s been some new Star Wars movies coming out. As some of you may have also heard, Star Wars fans make up one of the most dedicated fandoms in the galaxy. Combine this dedicated devotion with unprecedented excitement for the continued growth of the Star Wars franchise, and you get creations like the Lego X-Wing Fighter.

This is no scaled-down model: the X-Wing Fighter is a true 1:1 recreation of the ship used in the movies. The design is based on the official 560 piece Lego X-Wing set, but to say this full-sized version is much bigger is an understatement. Containing over 5.3 million Lego blocks, the ship weighs in at an astronomical 23 tons and even features glowing engines that make their iconic sounds from the movies. It’s one thing to break records in terms of size and scope, but when you have a creation that is 2 million Lego blocks larger than an actual house, it’s hard to imagine anything challenging the X-Wing’s place as one of the largest Lego structures ever made.

lego allianz arenaAllianz Arena

A 1:50 scale of Germany’s Allianz soccer arena would be impressive enough as it is, but the stats behind this one are staggering.

Weighing in at 1.5 tons, the Lego Allianz Arena was constructed in a 5 month period over the course of 4,209 work hours. In addition to the 1.3 million Lego bricks used in the creation of the model, 30,000 Lego figures make up the players and spectators lining the stadium. With 5,000 LED lights mimicking the lights of the real stadium, this model shows how lifelike Lego blocks can be.

lego herobot


Herobot 9000

Not to be outdone by their fans, Lego employees made sure to show their skills atop the Lego store in Minnesota’s Mall of America. Sporting a clear Gundam influence, the Herobot 9000 stands at 38 feet tall and is made of over 2.8 million bricks. Being that it weighs 6 tons, it’s almost hard to believe that it isn’t a functional robot.

lego houseLego House

With the incredible feats that Lego fans have achieved, the dream of building an actual Lego house was not a matter of if, but when.

Created by famed Top Gear host James May, the Lego house isn’t a mere model: it’s an actual two story house with proper amenities and a working bathroom. 1000 volunteers worked together to make the 3.3 million lego masterpiece, which May says doesn’t “imitate brick-built Victorian structures,” but rather “plays to the strengths to the material.” The house was tragically demolished after its space became an issue with the real estate owners, but the legacy it left will never die.

Halloween Means Thrills! Chills! Collectibles!

Ron Ruelle hobbyDB

Aside from Christmas, there’s no holiday that inspires decor, commemoratives, and good ol’ limited edition fun as much as Halloween. As the holiday rapidly approaches, we thought it would be a good time to look at some of our favorite Halloween collectibles.

nightmare before christmasFirst of all, a question… is “The Nightmare Before Christmas” a Halloween movie, or a Christmas movie? Or should you just watch it every night for two months straight between both holidays? Regardless, there are so many great characters to base collectibles on. Nearly 25 years after its theatrical release, the Tim Burton stop motion masterpiece has only grown in legend, and more items pop up every year. This sculpture of Zero and his dog house is pretty neat.

funko ghostbustersOddly enough, many horror movies have become associated with Halloween, even though the vast majority of them have nothing to do with the holiday. “Ghostbusters,” more comedy than horror actually, has become another favorite movie that embodies the fun of Halloween. There is no shortage of collectibles from the classic 1984 movie (as well as its sequel, the 2016 remake, and the cartoons).

halloween chip n daleIn fact, Halloween has an interesting distinction for fans in that anything gothic, spooky, scary, or macabre fits in. It doesn’t matter if they are officially part of the holiday or not. Heck, you can take any popular characters such as Disney’s Chip ‘n’ Dale,  put them in vampire garb, insert them into a jack-o’-lantern, and presto… instant Halloween collectible!

hallmark great pumpkin peanutsSnoopy and the Peanuts gang hold a special place in Halloween lore ever since their 1966 animated special introduced the world to Linus and his story of The Great Pumpkin. This 1996 Hallmark Keepsake set includes everything you need for a good time except the Dolly Madison snack cakes.

labbit skeleton hello kittySkeletons are always a popular Halloween theme, even though they’re everywhere year ’round. (Here’s a fun joke to play on little kids… ask in a scary voice, “Do you know where you can find a skeleton? INSIDE YOUR OWN BODY! Bwahahaha!” Never gets old!) Apparently Kidrobot’s Labbits have skeletons. Slightly less scary is this Hello Kitty skeleton figure from Funko.

lego skeletonLego has also done minifig skeletons a couple different ways. One version that came with various building sets has a bony, hollow structure, while the other version, sold by itself in blind packs, has a more traditional costume look.

tin wizard harold maude hearseHearses are used year ’round in the real world, too, but if you park one in front of your house the rest of the year, people look at you kinda funny. But in October? No sweat. There are lots of miniature hearses out there to collect, by the way. Just in case your HOA frowns displaying the real thing. (By the way, Ecto-1, the Ghostbusters’ car, is an ambulance, not a hearse.)

halloween hot wheelsSpeaking of driveable collectibles, Hot Wheels has commemorated various holidays over the years with limited edition cars. After Christmas, Halloween is probably the most popular among these series. 2017 is no exception, featuring cars with special skull-themed wheels.

liberty promotions halloween drag busFor something even more limited, Liberty Promotions has offered yearly, low production Drag Bus models for Halloween and other holidays, along with Chase versions.

kfc colonel sanders maskYou like zombies? Kentucky Fried Chicken’s recent ad campaign features multiple actors doing off kilter impressions of the Colonel Sanders , making KFC a pop culture phenomenon. Now you can add your own take on the long-deceased company founder and spokescharacter with this Halloween Harland costume. It was available very briefly on the KFC website this before selling out.

Regardless of your age, Halloween is a fun holiday, and there are collectibles of all kinds to enjoy throughout October or year ’round if you dare.

Do you have a favorite Halloween collectible? Tell us about it in the comments and add it to the hobbyDB database if it’s not already there!

A Brief History of Lego Colors

RyanA Guest Blog Post by Ryan Howerter
I am a graphic designer and AFOL from Fort Collins who has been doing more collecting and cataloguing of rare LEGO parts than building, lately. I’m fascinated by the rich and at times confusing history of the LEGO brand.

[In this brief history of Lego colors, I use the BrickLink names of colors, since they are the names most commonly used by AFOLs. TLG’s IDs follow in parentheses, since they are much more precise. Colors not recognized by BrickLink are in quotes.]

If you had to guess, how many colors would you say LEGO® bricks originally came in? Most people recall just the basics: Red, White, Blue, Yellow, maybe Black and Green. Maybe you’re thinking of the Town Plan sets from the early 60’s, which also had Trans-Clear. The palette started nice and simple, only to continually grow over the years, right?

Not quite. When The LEGO® Group (TLG) started producing plastic bricks in 1949, they did have the basic colors, but also a wide variety of color variations and unusual hues. These earliest bricks don’t look like today’s bricks—they were (usually) made of Cellulose Acetate (CA), lacked connecting tubes, and didn’t even originally have the LEGO® logo anywhere—but they will still connect to modern bricks, if you can find them in good enough condition. In these early years, TLG was feeling out what worked and what didn’t, meaning odd plastics and inconsistent colors.


We don’t have a complete history of these early bricks due to box contents being switched around over the years and molds moving from one factory to another. Toy stores sold individual bricks at the counter, sometimes in rare (not-in-sets) colors. TLG employees would even sweep up the factory floor, and use the dropped pellets to make rainbow marbled bricks, which sold for pennies. (These “defects” today can sell for $40 each!) We do know that by 1955, the slotted brick color palette had been standardized to mainly Red (21 Bright Red), White (1 White), Blue (23 Bright Blue), Yellow (24 Bright Yellow), Green (28 Dark Green), and Trans-Clear (40 Transparent). Black (26 Black) didn’t reappear until 1960.

In 1954/5, the slots were removed from bricks, and the Town Plan theme was introduced. For the most part, bricks from these sets only came in Red, White, and Clear, though there were baseplates in Light Gray (2 Grey), and Blue/Yellow/Green bricks in a handful of rarer parts packs.

In 1958, the tubes that help LEGO® bricks connect were invented, and the first “modern” bricks were produced. This was the development that differentiated LEGO® bricks from the many other building toy makers in Europe—particularly from Kiddicraft, which directly inspired the original hollow slotted LEGO® bricks. At this point, TLG was able to patent their basic 2×4 brick design. Beginning in 1963, TLG finally switched to Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) for their bricks, which is the same material they use today (plus or minus some additives). ABS is harder than CA, held its color better, and didn’t warp or shrink over time.

In 1963, TLG introduced Modulex, a smaller version of LEGO bricks intended for professional use by architects and workspace planners. Modulex could easily take up its own article, but I mention it here because many of the original muted Modulex colors were used (much later) for regular LEGO® parts, using the same color IDs. The second wave of Modulex colors, starting in 1983, consisted entirely of proper LEGO® brick colors. (The third and fourth sets of Modulex, in 1993 and 1998, did not match LEGO® colors at all—by that point, Modulex had branched off as its own company.)

The LEGO palette didn’t change much until nearly 1980 (save for some transparent colors), when the Fabuland theme necessitated more earthy flesh tones. “Fabuland Red” (13 Red Orange), Brown (25 Earth Orange), Tan (5 Brick Yellow), Flesh (18 Nougat), Fabuland Brown (4 Brick Red), “Fabuland Green” (14 Pastel Green), Fabuland Orange (19 Light Brown), and Earth Orange (12 Light Orange Brown) all arrived in this era. Most of these were previously Modulex colors.

Beginning in the late 1990s, TLG’s color palette expanded rapidly, thanks at first to bright themes such as Belville and Scala. It grew much worse in the early 2000s, when it was common for a new color to be used only in one part in one obscure Duplo set. The need to maintain this large amount of resources, combined with several desperate themes that didn’t fit the LEGO® brand*, nearly drove TLG to bankruptcy.

TLG’s first attempt to “fix” the palette came around 2003. After a series of focus groups, TLG determined that children overwhelmingly preferred brighter, more vibrant colors. They replaced many colors with new versions—most notably the grays, which caused an uproar in the AFOL community among those who had built up a lifetime’s collection of the old colors. Light Gray (2 Grey) became Light Bluish Gray (194 Medium Stone Grey), Dark Gray (27 Dark Grey) became Dark Bluish Gray (199 Dark Stone Grey), and Brown (25 Earth Orange) became Reddish Brown (192 Reddish Brown). At least 10 other colors changed as well, but they were seldom-used and went largely unnoticed.

­In the late 2000s, TLG began mixing their own ABS colors from raw granulate (instead of outsourcing their color mixing to Bayer and receiving pre-colored ABS pellets). Though this gave them more control over their own product, it took a while to stabilize the color quality, and for several years, brittle or milky parts were a frequent annoyance. For the most part, this is no longer the case. Dark Red (154 Dark Red), one of the worst offenders, has even been renamed to 154 New Dark Red, to signify the improvement in consistency. 131 Silver became 315 Silver Metallic, and 148 Metallic Dark Grey became 316 Titanium Metallic, for ostensibly the same reason.

Pictured below: Bricks lit from above on the left, and the same bricks lit from below on the right to show opacity issues.

Since the 2003 color change, TLG has minimized their palette to a carefully-selected few colors. The Friends theme in 2012 introduced several new pastel colors, but they were all unique, without any glaring redundancies. TLG has since focused on using these colors in a wide variety of bricks, plates, and other useful parts, making them much more useful.

Since then, the only colors introduced have been existing colors with metallic additives, which are likely much easier to add to the palette and cheaper to maintain than a brand new color formulation.

Even if there aren’t many new colors, there seems to be an unending supply of old colors to find. Recently it was discovered that the hair from 1974 Homemaker sets and 1969 granulated trees each used a unique shade of brown (we still don’t know the TLG IDs—if there ever were any). If we assume that TLG doesn’t leave gaps in their color numbering system, then we still are missing nearly all colors between 50 and 99. Discounting the numbers for CMYK ink colors, the highest number we know of is 339 (Transparent Fluorescent Green with Glitter). My own color chart only has around 200 colors—time to search for more!


*See Galidor and Jack Stone. Bionicle actually sold extremely well, and has been credited as the theme that saved LEGO.



Lego’s new Porsche 911 GT3 RS almost as good as Real (and for much less money…)

Ron Ruelle hobbyDB

In their earliest days, Lego offered some car models that were really well designed and detailed… that’s because they weren’t kits and didn’t include the familiar bumpy studs on the roof.Lego Volkswagen Karmann Ghia

No, the first Lego sets were city building sets and some included European cars like this nifty Volkswagen Karmann Ghia. It’s cleanly detailed, though lacking a lot of technical aspects. Also, it wasn’t a kit.

Regardless, such pieces are pretty valuable, but modern sets are catching up quickly in price. In fact, they’re catching up to the real car in terms of technical merit and price. Take this latest Lego set for example, the Porsche 911 GT3 RS.

Lego Porsche 911 GT3 RS box

Over the past few years, Lego has created some incredibly detailed large scale models aimed at adult brick building enthusiasts. Recent offerings have included iconic rides as the original Mini Cooper and the Volkswagen Bus. These kits included an amazing plethora of working parts and incredible detail, while still adhering to the bumpy but charming compromises of working in studded bricks. And they weren’t cheap.

Lego Mini Cooper Volkswagen Bus

Nevertheless, their newest kit really raises the bar to a new level. in 2015, Lego first showed teaser photos of a Porsche 911 in black and white camouflage similar to the design used by real auto manufacturers. The hype surrounding the design has finally come to fruition. Lego’s New Porsche 911 GT3 RS (set 42056) provides everything you need to create a model of the car, complete with functioning suspension, steering, doors, hood, and the entire drive train. Despite all the rounded contours, there are only a handful of bespoke pieces for this set. Everything else is right out of the standard Lego parts bin.

Well, calling the parts “standard” doesn’t do it justice. The multi speed gearbox is shifted from paddles on the steering column, just like the real car. Each shift changes the relative speed of the cylinders, so you can roll the car along and gear up as you go.

Lego Porsche 911 GT3 RS model

One other custom piece is the license plate, which is laser engraved with an individual serial number for each car. You can register yours online and unlock special content specific to your own car along the way. The set includes over 2,700 pieces and a very thick instruction manual that covers the history and manufacturing of the real car to go along with your building. Pricing sounds expensive at $300, but most Lego sets clock in at around ten cents per brick, so this car is not too out of line.

Here’s a video of a Lego engineer demonstrating some of the finer points of this car. Like the real one, you’d better hurry up and get one before they’re gone.

Lego Porsche 911 GT3 RS video